Everest Region Trekking

Everest Region Trekking

Mt Everest (8848m) has been calling out to trekkers and climbers since it first appeared in the telescopes of mountain surveyors. The Everest Region Trek popularly climbs through the foothills of the world's highest mountain offer some of the most challenging trekking in world. The districts of Solu and Khumbu have been extensively developed for trekking, with well maintained trails and plentiful lodges. This Everest region trek comprises not only the Everest Base Camp but also Namche Bazzar, Lukla, mysterious kala Pathhar and the whole Solukhumbu area situated at the lap of looming Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world. The majestic views of top mountains of world along with marvelous scenic beauty of Dudh Koshi and the astounding natural heights are the most attractive highlights of this Everest region.  

The mountains of the Everest Region are so large that their own created climate makes you heavenly. Everest Region Trekking is popular for bio diversity too. As you climb through the hills, mixed deciduous forests and scattered rice terraces give way to pine forests, then blooming rhododendrons, then scrub junipers, before finally the only vegetation is low alpine shrubs and grasses. The region is abundantly rich in wildlife as we passes through Sagarmatha National Park. Keep your eyes peeled for Himalayan Tahr, musk deer pikka, mouse hare and also do not forget to scan skies and the undergrowth for golden eagle, spectacular Himalayan monal (Daphe, national bird of Nepal). The Everest Khumbu region is home to both leopards and snow leopards, and allegedly, fearsome Yeti.

There are two main routes, Southeast and Northeast, for climbing Mt. Everest. Southeast is the most frequently-used route because it is generally considered safer and has easier access. The ascent via the southeast ridge begins with a trek to Base Camp at 5,380 m (17,600 ft) on the south side of Everest in Nepal. Expedition members usually fly into Lukla (2,860 m) from Kathmandu and pass through Namche Bazaar. Climbers then hike to Base Camp, which usually takes six to eight days, allowing for proper altitude acclimatization in order to prevent altitude sickness. Climbing equipment and supplies are carried by yaks, dzopkyos (yak hybrids) and human porters to Base Camp on the Khumbu Glacier. When Hillary and Tenzing climbed Everest in 1953, they started from Kathmandu Valley, as there were no roads further east at that time.

Solukhumbu is the homeland of the inborn mountaineers, Sherpa people. Their unique ancient culture and practices, ethnic stone-housed villages and their sound hospitality will surely makes your trail more exotic. The Buddhist monuments of the Sherpa's – stupas, chortens, mani walls and gompas – mirror the towering landscape all around. Everest Region is famous for trekking and expedition for the extraordinary wildlife, fantastic geographical and biological diversities, rich mountain lifestyle and close up views of amazing snow capped world highest peaks. Bring extra film or memory cards for your camera as it's easy to go snapping crazy in the Everest Region.

Everest Base camp trek, Gokyo trek, Jiri/ Phaplu EBC trek, EBC Chola pass Gokyo trek, Everest view trek etc. are popular treks in Everest region. Among Nepal's most spectacular treks, this is one not to rush and have full enjoyments with close up views of mountains, ancient culture and diverse biology passing through some of the stunning scenery of this heavenly country Nepal.


Best Time to Trek

Autumn (September to mid of December) and spring (March to May) are the best seasons to trek in Everest. The temperature is warm eough as 10C to 20C in day time and fairly cold at night as -5C to -10C. As it the dry season in Autumn, the sky is crystal clear that you can see the snow mountain standing in the blue sky everywhere everyday, and the million stars with the bright moon everynight. You can even hear the stars whispers to the moon. Spring is the flower blooming season, you can trek along with the colorful flowers. The monsoon and winter seasons are not so favorable for trekking due to heavy rain, snow cold weather and cloudy day.  

Permit and fee

Trekkers' Information Management System (TIMS) is compulsory to visit Khumbu region, this was until 2010 issued free of charge but now costs 20USD or equivalent in Nepalese Rupees. Except EBC trekking trails do not require any trekking permits, other Everest area trails to Gokyo Valley or going any passes crossover request permit free. Everest area belongs to UNESCO world heritage site and it is also area of Sagarmatha National Park, therefore all trekkers must have National Park conservation permit to get entry before starting the trek or also can get from the National Park counter along the way of trek.  

Trekking Style

It is the teahouse lodge stay basis. As the trekking facility is quite natural in the Everest region, trekker can easily find the teahouse and lodge on the way, due to the supply to top of the mountain is hard, some lodges’ condition is only the basic standard, especially on the high place of the mountain. In overall many teahouse and lodges have the power for trekking to charge their cameras, and have the solar power to supply the hot water which trekker can relax from the hard hiking. .


People and Culture

Everest region is the homeland of famous Sherpas, they are well known as the mountaineering. One of the most well known Sherpas is Tenzing Norgay. In 1953 he and Sir Edmund Hillary became the first people known to have reached the summit of Mount Everest. Sherpas are have their very special trandition and culture. Most of Sherpas are Buddhism belong to the Nyingmapa, the "Red Hat Sect" of Tibetan Buddhism. Sherpa are the group that particularly believe in hidden treasures and valleys. Traditionally, Nyingmapa practice was advanced orally among a loose network of lay practitioners. Monasteries with celibate monks and nuns, along with the practice of reincarnated spiritual leaders are later adaptations.

In addition to Buddha and the great Buddhist divinities, the Sherpa also believe in numerous deities and demons who inhabit every mountain, cave, and forest. These have to be respected or appeased through ancient practices that have been woven into the fabric of Buddhist ritual life. Many of the great Himalayan mountains are respected as sacred. The Sherpas call Mount Everest Chomolungma and respect it as the "Mother of the World." Mount Makalu is respected as the deity Shankar (Shiva). Each clan recognizes certain mountain peaks and their protective deities.

Today, the day-to-day Sherpas religious affairs are presided by lamas (Buddhist spiritual leaders) and other religious practitioners living in the villages. The village lama who presides over ceremonies and rituals can be monastic or a married householder. In addition, shamanic (lhawa) and soothsayers (mindung) deal with the supernatural and the spirit world. Lama identify witches (pem), act as the mouthpiece of deities and spirits, and diagnose spiritual illnesses.



  • A good pair of hiking boots (well broken in) - You will be spending five to six hours a day on the trail. Your boots are an important part of your gear. The boots can be light to medium, high or low. If you plan to go in the months when snow can fall, the high boots are better for hiking in the snow.
  • Soft and light shoes (sneakers or kung-fu shoes are perfect) - after a long hike in inflexible hiking boots, you will be extremely happy to have some light and soft footwear to to wear around the lodge or in the village.
  • Lightweight knapsack - this is very useful for short trips away from your lodge, and will save you having to lug your large backpack along. It should be big enough for your camera and a change of clothes and sleeping bag, if you plan to spend a night away.
  • Lightweight sleeping bag - as most (all?) lodges can offer you blankets, a light sleeping bag should be sufficient for the journey. Taking a light bag will save you valuable space in your backpack. But blankets often smell terrible, so the better alternative is a high quality down-sleeping bag (comfort-temperature at least -10 C°) with small packing volume to avoid spending nights fully dressed.
  • Fabric bandaids - blisters on the feet can turn a wonderful walk into a hell. Bandaids (sticking plasters) should be immediately applied to any area of the foot that there is irritation and friction - don't wait for the blister to develop before doing this. However, only fabric made bandaids (e.g., Moleskin) will stick to a sweaty foot. Others (even those that claim to be water-proof) will fall off in minutes. A good alternative to bandaids is duct tape. Works great for blisters and also proves invaluable in many other ways.
  • Binoculars -certainly not a necessity but they bring the mountains details closer and also great for spotting elusive wildlife.


Get In

Fly to Lukla Airport from Kathmandu. There are several Airlines operating dozens of flights everyday. The flight takes around 25 minutes. During the summer rainy season, there may be substantial delays of flights, even a wait of one week is not unheard of. For the return journey, the flights leave Lukla at 7:40AM and 9AM. Helicopter Charter service is also available on demand and mostly used for rescue operation.

Alternatives are to fly to Phaplu airport, 2-3 trekking days south of Lukla, or to walk in from Jiri, which is 5-7 trekking days west of Lukla. These alternatives take more time and therefore are less popular, but are very peaceful and pleasant - and much safer than flying into Lukla.

Just after the village of Monju, there is check point for entering the Sagarmatha National Park. You will need to show your passport and pay a 1,000 Rs entry fee.


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